Impact of magnetic resonance on the decision of conservative surgery in advanced larynx cancer
Adibelli, Zehra Hilal
Koç, Ali Murat
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Objective: To evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the selection of treatment procedures for intermediate-advanced laryngeal cancers. Material and method: This study included patients with histologically proven laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma defined as cT3 and T4a at our tertiary academic care hospital. All scans were evaluated by two radiologists experienced in head and neck cross-sectional studies. Signal patterns in MRI sections of laryngeal compartment subsites were delineated as T1 w, T2w hyperintensity, and T2w intermediate signals, and were compared with the postoperative pathological results. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPV), and negative predictive values (NPV) were calculated. Results: The study included 51 patients with a mean age of 62.55 +/- 9.14 (range, 45-80) years. Tumor was glottic in 12 (23.5%) patients, supraglottic in 19 (31.4%) patients, glottic-supraglottic in 11 (21.6%) patients, transglottic in 9 (27%) patients. The posterior paraglottic space had the strongest specificity of MRI according to tumor infiltration in the histologic analysis (specificity 96.9% and sensitivity 78.6%). The specificity of MRI was poor for tumor infiltration in thyroid cartilage (specificity 70.0%). Spearman's test demonstrated that there was a statistically significant correlation between the MRI-based prediction scores of all subunites and the findings of histopathologic analyses (mean +/- SD: 4.96 +/- 4.46-5.53 +/- 4.38, respectively, R-2: 0.711, p<0.001). Conclusion: The high specificity values of the predictions, which were MRI-based in all subsites, indicated that MRI could provide an important contribution for defining tumor infiltration and the presurgical assessment of patients with tumors of the larynx.